What you Need to Know About Thyroid

The thyroid is a prevailing health disorder in women. Although the gland is found in men, they are less likely to develop it as compared to women. The thyroid is an important hormonal gland important for women. The most common thyroid problems trigger weight loss and depressive episodes in women. According to a general physician in Islamabad, there are ways you can make your thyroid condition better.

Thyroid Disease Symptoms Most Commonly Reported

If you have a thyroid disorder, you will experience a wide range of symptoms. Unfortunately, thyroid symptoms are often subtle and overlap with those of other medical conditions. This can make it difficult to know if your symptoms are exactly of thyroids.  Symptoms can be divided into two parts, that is too little of thyroid or too much of thyroid. Some of the most recognized symptoms of an overactive thyroid can include;

  • Exercising anxiety, irritability, and nervousness

  • Insomnia

  • Losing weight

  • Having a muscle weakness

  • Experiencing menstrual problems

  • Being sensitive to heat

  • Feeling tired

  • Having a swollen thyroid gland

  • Having eye vision problems

In the case of an underactive thyroid some common symptoms are;

  • Consistent fatigue

  • Gaining weight for no reason

  • Experiencing forgetfulness

  • Having very dry and coarse hair

  • Having an intolerance to cold temperatures

One of the most common types of thyroid problems is hypothyroidism. In this condition, there is not enough thyroid hormone. Without enough hormones, your metabolism slows down and as a result, makes you gain weight over time.

Your hormonal cycle is also disturbed and as a result, you may have dry skin and nails. It can also result in delayed menstrual cycles.

What increases the risk of thyroid disease?

The types and frequency of thyroid disease vary around the world. However, one common reason for thyroid disease is excessive smoking.

There have been significant studies that show that iodized salt has been one of the main reasons for thyroid imbalance in women.

Iodized salt is necessary for the maturation of the thyroid gland in women. For pregnant women, the bare minimum required for a healthy regulation should be 150mcg of iodine daily.

Who is most affected by Thyroid?

Even though it’s more prevalent in women, the thyroid can affect anyone. It can also be present at the time of birth and further matures as the child grows.  A woman is 8 times more likely to be diagnosed with hypothyroidism at any point of life as compared to men. There is no definite say for who is more prone to thyroid problems, however, the following factors can determine early on if you will be exposed to developing thyroid or not.

  • You have a long family history of Thyroid Disease. If you have it consecutively in every generation of your family, chances are you will be more exposed to developing thyroid disease.

  • If there is a typical medical condition such as type 1 or type 2 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, primary adrenal insufficiency, Turner syndrome, or anemia. People with this disease have more chances of developing thyroid disease

  • You are older than 60. Women typically experience hypothyroidism more when they have reached a certain age

  • A medication that is high in iodine

  • Have you ever received medication for thyroid disease or cancer? 

Is it possible for a thyroid condition to cause seizures?

Typically seizures never cause any seizures however if you hit any extreme high or low of hypothyroidism that has not been treated as yet, it can lead to subtle seizures according to specialists in Ali hospital. Normally once you learn about the thyroid, chances of having a seizure are very low.

How is Thyroid Treated?

Thyroid problems vary from person to person which is why its treatments are heavily dependant on what sort of symptoms are shown. A typical thyroid treatment will include;

  • Medicine. Beta-blockers and anti-thyroid medicines are preferred when it comes down to medicine.

  • Radioiodine. This is a specific treatment that kills thyroid hormones

  • Surgery. Thyroid surgery will typically remove most or all of the thyroid gland.


It is always important to go for a regular checkup if you have a history of family members affected by thyroid especially if you are planning on getting pregnant. If you are feeling any of the above symptoms, make sure to consult with a general physician right away.