Individual Differences and Personality

 Personality is the dynamic organization inside the individual of those psychophysical systems which determine his characteristics, thought and behavior, said the psychologist Gordon Allport. Personality is a dynamic concept comprising various spheres.

Its dynamic nature makes students of psychology turn to psychology assignment help because it does not deal with one concept rather involves a combination of factors like behavior, attitudes, physical characteristics, hereditary features etc. 

The study of personality also involves studying the differences in each personality because each person carries with himself a unique set of traits. But before we delve into personality into a greater depth, let us first understand a few characteristics of the personality:

  • Personality results in the different behavioral aspects of an individual. The way you perceive people around you, the way you feel about them influence your behavior towards them.

  • Personality usually does not vary and remains stable because these are characteristics you have developed since long, so it is not possible that you get done away with the features inbuilt in you. It does not change drastically with situations.

  • But still there are chances that your personality may vary a little because of the influence of your environment. For example, you are very shy to speak in front of people but a speech competition where you are representing your school, makes you even speak in front of a large audience. 

  • Trait approach to personality states that the personality of different individuals may vary due to the difference in the genetic traits of individuals. The way a person has been brought up influences his or her personality and makes him different from others. 

Personality is made up of several components:

  • Consistency – The way people behave in different situations is according to their inbuilt behavior. Personality and its aspects remain consistent throughout.

  • Psychological and physiological – Though personality is a result of psychological processes, certain research paper writings suggest that it is also influenced by biological needs and factors.

  • Impact behaviors and actions – Personality not just monitors and influences our physical movements but also influences how we respond and behave in certain situations.

  • Multiple expressions – Personality is reflected in not just behavior but in other factors as well. It can also be seen in our feelings, thoughts, close relationships, and other such social interactions. 

Now that we have stated that each personality is different in its unique self it is clear that there are bound to be individual differences. Research works have found that no two individuals are alike but no two are absolutely different as well.

People may be alike on psychological lines as well as differ on the same lines as well. These variations are what are analyzed by the psychologists in their research paper writings. The unique ways in which one individual differs from the other, influences his decisions, success and of course thought process. These differences can often lead to conflict among individuals, if they are:

  • Not clearly understood and sorted out, 

  • Blamed on without understanding the underlying aspects of one’s personality

  • Not discussed with the other person until we get an emotional outburst.  

We never try to understand that each person is making a particular decision due to the influence of his inbuilt traits and thus lead ourselves to conflict. Same happens with people from different cultural backgrounds as well. The individual differences may sometimes also lead to exclusion of certain individuals. 

The theory of these differences and certain psychological types was described by Carl Jung. The theory suggests that the differences in the personality of each individual is due to the fact that each one uses his or her perception and judgement in a different way.

Perception is the way a person interprets a particular event or situation whereas judgement refers to the views formed by such an individual based on his perceptions. Thus if people differ in their perception of things and the views they form of it, differences are bound to occur correspondingly in their interests, reactions, values, attitudes, motivations, and skills.

 Influenced by this psychological type theory of Carl Jung, was the MBTI, that is, Myers Briggs Type Indicator. He proposed the existence cognitive functions that exist in two dichotomous pairs: 

The rational functions which include feeling and thinking

The irrational functions which include intuition and sensation.

Jung suggested that people exhibit a combination of these dichotomous behavior and all can be combined to result in 16 combinations- (INFP/ ESTJ)

  • Introversion/Extroversion (I/E): Eysenck says that since introverts inherit an over-aroused nervous system and so try to remain calm throughout. Introverts are calm and remain serious. They tend to avoid certain activities as well as remain out of hustle bustle. They are quiet, reserved and often pessimistic. Extroverts on the other hand, lie on the other side of the scale, they have inherited an under aroused nervous system thus always crave for activities. Extroverts tend to get bored easily and are optimistic, interactive and impulsive. They like taking risks and are thrill seekers. While introverts resent any change, extroverts cannot say in the same situation for long and thus desire change.

  • Sensing and Intuition (S/N): Both these features are considered to be information gathering ones. People who use sensing believe information that is sensed by their sense organs and don’t believe feelings or information that come out of nowhere. While people who believe on intuitions tend to trust their gut feeling more than what actually is visible to them. 

  • Thinking and Feeling (T/F): Both of them are decision making processes where the former uses information collected by senses and the latter uses the information perceived by feelings.

  • Judgement and Perception (J/P): Both of them are subjective to individuals as already stated above.

 

Thus these concepts on personality and its differences can solve the purpose of providing psychology assignment help to students.