Desolation across the world:-
Coronavirus has imposed a pause on routine life; the streets and markets have been muted mysteriously. The governments around the globe put over a lockdown to minimize pandemic disasters. The urbanization, increased global travel, and consolidation has increased the risks of a pandemic outbreak. All the affected countries have put a temporary ban on international and domestic traveling until the expiration of coronavirus. Cities are undergone to a state of anthro-pause, quitting all the activities that involve any kind of interaction. Many people lost their daily earnings from shops, cafes, and markets; some of them lost jobs due to the closure of offices and work. On the other hand, the critic analysts appreciated the impermanent break of pollution, noise, and congestion, as it will impact good on our climate and provide us with a clean atmosphere.
Use of drones in the pandemic:-
Now the pandemic coronavirus infections are decreased, but the second wave is ready to assail the human beings more intensively. The scientists are thinking of making improvements in living styles, and many assumptions are laid about making our cities smarter and smarter to meet people’s needs without creating the risk of health. Drones are proven very helpful in this sense, and these are used to supply goods and other things of demand in the time of pandemic without any involvement of human beings. Thus, making it safer and smarter for the routine chores, an academic writing company is in their research process to bring some out class uses of drones in this pandemic too. These are programmed specially to act upon given instructions and then facilitate its owner with the supply of goods. In North Carolina, fast-tracked drones are being used to transport medical supplies and other food items to hospitals through a zip line track.
Role of Robots in pandemic crisis:-
Robots are also playing an essential role in the prevention of daily contacts among people, as these are used for regular purposes instead of involving people themselves. The global lockdown has emphasized the importance of robots as Singapore uses dynamic robots to imply social distancing among people on the roads. The Boston Dynamics has built a particular robot for this purpose that identifies people who are not acting on social distancing rule and conveying an electronic alarm. Moreover, telepresence robots are used to remain connected with each other in quarantine, as telepresence robots exhibit someone’s remote presence.
Robots in hospitals:-
Scientists have made robots that auto-fumigate the floors and surfaces of hospitals without any human supervision. These robots are capable of remembering the infrastructure and map of the building, then move accordingly and spray disinfectant to the floors and surfaces. The Head of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, Daniela Rus, has invented a robot she uses to clean Boston’s food bank. This robot was designed in the laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The BBC interviewed Daniela Rus. She said that robots are playing a vital role in keeping people apart and away from the hazards of coronavirus. It is an immense contribution of robots in the survival of humans in this pandemic crisis. These robots will lead us to build more smarter cities, facilitating our intellectual and physical works in the future.
Data collection via sensors:-
The management of cities has developed a system to collect an enormous amount of data via sensors, either embedded in the infrastructure of buildings or different objects. Usually, this data includes information about transport usage, people’s movement, and air quality in a specific city center or space. It helped a lot to authorities in determining the facts about how many cars are entering centers or how many people are there in any gathering like a gathering in a park or hall. It has proven an excellent innovation regarding the well being and health of the public in gatherings.
One of the most important benefits of data collection was the easy analysis of the city council regarding people’s population in a specific area. For example, they can analyze the number of people coming to parks after lifting up lockdown and note an increase in traffic flow. According to this calculation, they can formulate a policy to manage all city council roles easily. It will surely help make measurements for post-pandemic changes in the cities, making cities more safe and secure for the people. The experts recorded a significant decrease in air pollution when transport was held to 50% because of lockdown, and there was noted a decrease in nitrogen oxide level in our atmosphere. But unfortunately, we are unable to maintain our atmosphere clean because 80% of traffic is back now in the cities causing nitrogen and carbon pollution in the air. The only solution to control these barriers is the use of more cycling and fewer motor vehicles. The data collected by sensors helps to determine the severity of issues, as cities were trying to reduce carbon levels in the atmosphere; it encourages policymakers to take necessary steps.
Post-pandemic plannings of cities:-
The coronavirus’s pandemic has provided us a chance to rethink more permanent and beneficial steps to save our ecosystem from the destruction of pollution. Petrol and diesel vehicles should be replaced with electric cars to minimize carbon emissions in the atmosphere. Dr. Robin North founded a company that launches computed models to make cities smarter according to time needs. As Paris is planning to develop the structure of cities where all things of need are available at a distance of 15 minutes’ walk, they named it as a 15-minute city. They devised to make mini-hubs and decentralized mini-markets on every 15 minutes within walking distance. The re-election campaign of Mayor Anne Hidalgo has promised its nation to build a more ecologically friendly Paris for its future.
The world is full of skyscraper buildings, but experts question whether these buildings can survive the 21st century? These are fixed and centralized, can be used only a specific purpose, while we have to move to transform these into more flexible that can be adapted to our needs and wish. As now all people are working from homes, then what is the need for those large and expensive offices. The urban planner should rethink the ideas of these centralized offices, that are now of no use in practical life. We have to move to a more economical and ecological community if we want to survive in future pandemics.